Why is Odisha important for India? Know 5 Fact,History and More

Odisha was named as Orissa until 2011. After the year of 2011 it changed to Odisha.Odisha is an Indian state and Eleventh highest population in India located in it’s Eastern side. If you wanna know more about Odisha, here is the details article below you could go through.

ODISHA
odisha,,india map

It is surrounded to the north by Jharkhand and West Bengal, on the west by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Andhra Pradesh, and on the east by the ocean.as you see the map beside.Odisha is derived from the ancient Prakrit word “Odda Visaya,” which appears in Rajendra Chola I’s Tirumalai inscription from 1025 BCE.Odisha’s English spelling was changed from “Orissa” to “Odisha” in 2011, and the name of its language was changed from “Oriya” to “Odia” by the Orissa Act.After a brief debate In Parliament, the Constitution 113th Amendment Bill and the Constitution Bill 2010 were introduced, the lower house, Lok Sabha, enacted the bill and amendment on November 9th 2010.

And also On March 24, 2011, the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Parliament, officially passed the bill and amendment. The spelling changes were made so that the English and Hindi versions matched the Odia transliteration. Nonetheless, the underlying Odia texts were incorrectly transliterated using the Hunterian approach, the official national transliteration standard, with the transliterations Orisha and Oria instead.

A Quick overview of State Odisha which will easy to understand

StateOdisha
Nationhood 1936 1st April
Capital Bhubaneswar
Language Odia
Area Rank8th
Population Rank11th
BodyGovernment of Odisha
Politics Chief Minister – Naveen Pattnaik (2023)
Governor- Geneshi Lal (2023)
Party- BJD
Legislature -(Unicameral 147 seats)
Parliamentary -(Lok Sabha 21 seats)
Constituency -(Rajya Sabha 10 seats )
SongBande Utkala Janani
Dance
Sports
Odissi
Hockey
Animal Sambar
BirdIndian Roller
FoodPakhala
Sweet Rasagola
Official Website https://odisha.gov.in/

What is the brief history of Odisha?

Odisha’s human history began in the Lower Paleolithic era, as evidenced by the discovery of Acheulian artefacts from that time period at a number of places around the state. Allusions in ancient works such as the Mahabharata, Maha Govinda Sutta, and various Puranas may be traced back to Odisha’s early past. The area was also known to other East Indies nations due to maritime trade relations.

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The year 1568 CE is recognised as a watershed point in the history of the area. The country was conquered in 1568 CE by warriors of the Sultanate of Bengal led by the iconoclastic commander Kalapahad. The political identity of the region was lost. The rulers of the area were more tribute lords than true kings. After 1751, the Marathas acquired control of the area. Throughout the Maratha rule, literature and poetry flourished. In 1803, the region was handed to the British Empire. The British divided the area into provinces and divided it into divisions. Odisha was founded in 1936 on the basis of the population of Odia-speaking people.

12 Famous Dishes of Odisha

01-Fried Rice

This is a rice meal in a seasoned broth that is best known as Pulao. When softly sautéed in oil, the rice turns golden brown and emits the scent of blended spices. Depending on the culture, the meal can be cooked in a variety of ways, including meat, vegetables, dried fruits, and even pasta. The culinary tradition of pilaf expanded from states to countries all over the world. It is a popular dish in Odisha.

02-Dohi Pakhala

During the summer, Dohi Pakhala is practically every household’s daily supper in Odisha. It is made by soaking cooked rice in sour curd and water. Usually eaten with potatoes, fried fish, papad, and Badi choora, which is dried and nut-like urad and black gramme. This fermented rice dish is ideal for beating the heat and refreshing you from within. All Odias celebrate Pakhala Dibasa (Universal Pakhala Day) on March 20th to welcome the summer season with Odisha’s traditional meal. This delectable dinner is a must-try.

03-Dohi Bara-Aaloo Dum

Dahi bara and Aloo dum are two more popular street foods in Odisha after gupchup. Even around 5 a.m., you may see thela walas with their enormous pots of dahi vada and smaller pots loaded with aloo dum. While dahi vada and aloo dum are considered separate cuisines elsewhere, Odisha provides a unique combination of the two. The delectable taste of dahi vadas delicately balances the spice of aloo dum, providing the flavour that every Odia wants. This meal, also known as the ‘Vada Pav’ of Cuttack, has undoubtedly carved its way into people’s hearts and daily lives.

04-Gupchup

In Western India, it is known as Panipuri, in Bengal as Puchka, in the north as Golgappa, and in Odisha as Gupchup. This simple snack, which has practically become a national staple, need no introduction. This immensely famous street snack consists of tiny, crisp puris prepared with suji, maida, and atta dough and served with chana masala and khatta Jal jeera. Probably the one cuisine that is appreciated by people of all ages and at all times of day. The nicest part about this meal is that it is so inexpensive and light that you will frequently see gupchup eating contests on local streets. It is, without a question, everyone’s favourite!

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05-Khicede

Khichdi, as it is known in other states, is a simple yet filling lunch. One of the most prominent foods is Odisha khicede, which is served as the primary bhog to Lord Jagannath at the Puri Temple. The ideal blend of rice and lentils cooked together in ghee gives it a distinct and delectable flavour. This hearty dish is not only delicious but also high in nutrients. This delectable dish, lightly flavoured and frequently served with curd and papad, is sure to make you salivate.

06-Dalma

Dalma! You can’t seem to get enough of dal, can you? However, in Odisha, this staple cuisine takes on a new twist. It’s cooked with roasted moong dal and has no onion or garlic. A cup of vegetables and a few common spices are added to give it a delicious flavour. Pumpkin, plantain, yam, and papaya are common vegetables that improve your general health. This finger-licking dinner, which is often served with rice, will more than satisfy your appetite.

07-Chhena Poda

Odisha has its own cheesecake! Odisha is famed for its sweet, Chhena Poda, which is also Lord Jagannath’s favourite and is frequently presented to him at the Puri Temple. The lingering flavour of burned home-made cottage cheese and semolina mixed with sugar syrup will absolutely blow your head. This unusual dish is cooked for several hours until it becomes red, and the caramelised sugar enhances the particular flavour of Chhena Poda. This cuisine is simple, straightforward, and very tasty, and can be found in practically every nook and cranny.

08-Chaatu Rai

Chaatu Rai or Chaatu Besara is a healthy vegetable dish popular in Orissa. Turmeric powder and tomato, together with a bunch of mushrooms sautéed in a tangy, tasty mustard sauce, enhance the flavour. The meal, which is frequently made for special occasions, is popular not just in Oriya but also throughout India.

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09-Mudi Mansa

Mudhi refers to puffed rice, and Mansa refers to pork. Mudhi Mansa is a classic, traditional meal popular throughout Odisha. It’s goat meat marinated in oil and a variety of spices. The meat is then placed in a sauce comprised of tomatoes, onions, and spices. Hot with crispy Mudhi or puffed rice and served with chopped onions, tomatoes, and fresh coriander leaves. It is an intriguing mix that is popular, particularly among the people of Bhubaneswar.

10-Kadali Manja Rai

This delectable banana stem curry with garlic cloves, cardamom, cumin, cinnamon, coriander, and two red chilies is the ideal side dish for a dinner. The perfume of stir-fried banana stem with coriander leaves as spice fills you with excitement that lasts till you lose your taste for it.

11-Chakuli Pitha

Chakuli Pitha is a well-known Odisha dish that is similar to but not identical to a Dosa. It is created with a batter comprised of equal parts lentils (Urad Dal) and rice (soaked, ground and fermented for at least 5 hours). At times, black lentils (skinless) are substituted for Urad Dal. The batter is spread in a circular pattern on a griddle or skillet and fried on both sides with mustard oil. Chakuli Pitha is softer than Dosa and has a thicker consistency. This gluten-free treat pairs great with Aloo Bhuja, Ghugni, or jaggery.

12-Rasagola

The Rasagola from Odisha is extremely popular for a variety of reasons. It has become a contentious subject due to its genesis struggle with Bengal. This delectable delicacy is sure to win hearts all across the world with its mouth-melting texture and wonderful flavour! It’s one of the greatest sweets because of the white loveliness coated in sugar syrup. It’s a fantastic treat because of the exquisite smoothness of the chhena and the right balance of sweetness. This treat absolutely cannot be missed! Khira Mohana, Odisha Rasagola, has been served as bhog at Puri’s Jagannath Temple.

Famous Places in Odisha you shouldn’t miss

Number Places
01Shree Jagannath Temple Puri
02Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves
03Konark Sun Temple
04Lingaraj temple
05Chilika Lake
06Tikarpada Wildlife Sanctuary
07Odisha State Museum
08Similipal National Park
09Chandipur Beach
10Mukteswara Temple
11Biju Patnaik Park
12Satkosia
13Ananta Vasudeva Temple
14Nandankanan Zoological Park
15Ekamra Kanan Botanical Gardens
16Chausathi Jogini Temple
17Bramheswara Temple
18Barabati Kataka Fort
19Dhauli hill Shanti Stupa
20Maa Tarini Temple
21Barabati Stadium
22Pathani Samanta Planetarium
23ISKCON Bhubaneswar
24Sri Ram Temple
25Maa Samaleswari Temple
26Puri Swargadwar Beach
27Maa Tara Tarini Temple
28Shree Gundicha Temple, Puri, Odisha, India
29Mahadev Chandrashekhar Temple
30State Tribal Museum
31Khandadhar Waterfall
32Bhitarkanika National Park
33Biraja Temple Shakti Peeth , Jajpur
34Shree Hanuman Vatika
35Ratnagiri Monastery
36Cuttack Chandi Temple,Cuttack,Odisha
37Regional Museum of Natural History
38Kalijai temple
39Sanaghagara Waterfall
40Netaji Birth Place Museum – Cuttack
41Regional Science Centre
42Lalitagiri Buddhist Complex
43Ekamra Haat
44Maa Ghanteswari Temple , Bagbira 768026
45Barehipani Waterfall
46Kala Bhoomi Odisha Crafts Museum
47Ramachandi Beach
48Pradhanpat Waterfall
49Chandaka Forest
50Parsurameswara Temple
51Dhabaleswar Temple
52Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary
53Baitala Temple
54Khandadhara Waterfall, Keonjhar
55Udayagiri Buddhist Monastery
56Cuttack Lake
57Hirakud Dam
58Bhadrak Temple
59khirachora gopinath Temple,Balasore
60Raja Rani Temple In Bhubaneswar
61Debkunda Waterfall , Mayurbhanj
62Gopalpur Beach
63Rourkela Waterfall
64Bindhu Sagar Temple
65Jagannath Temple Baripada
66Maa Pataneswari Temple
67Ushakothi Wildlife Sanctuary
68Deer park ,Rourkela
69Chandipur Beach ,can
Balasore
Why Odisha is Important For India?

Natural resources abound in Odisha, including minerals, forests, lakes, and rivers,Steel and power also Mineral reserves in the state include more than 30% of India’s iron ore and 90% of its chromite, as well as significant coal, bauxite, nickel, and manganese resources. Forest covers over one-third of Odisha’s land area. The state also has a long coastline, Asia’s second largest mangrove eco-system, and some of the world’s most diverse species.

The World Bank has a long history of collaboration with Odisha. In the mid-1990s, the state completed a successful Water Resources Consolidation project with World Bank funding. Odisha was also the first Indian state to execute energy sector reforms with the assistance of the World Bank. This initiative’s lessons have had a considerable influence on India’s energy sector policies.That is why Odisha is important for India.

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